A Rapid Survey on Swachhta Status was conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) during May-June 2015. The survey aimed to give a snapshot of the situation on the availability/accessibility of toilets, solid waste and liquid waste management at sample village/ward and household levels. Some major findings of the report are given below:
• In rural areas, 45.3% households reported to have sanitary toilets. In these households, the percentage of persons using household/community toilet was 95.6%.
• In urban areas, 88.8% households reported to have sanitary toilets. For the households having sanitary toilet, the percentage of persons using household/community/public toilet was 98.7%
• In rural areas, 50.5% of the households kept the garbage at a specified place outside their own house, 24.4% households disposed of the garbage in the nearby agriculture field, 5.5% households kept it at the common place outside the house, 4.4% households disposed of the garbage in the biogas plant or manure pit whereas 15.1% households threw it around the house.
• In urban areas, 64.2% wards were found to have a dumping place for solid waste.
• 36.7% villages had pakkinali and 19.0% villages had katchinali as drainage arrangement for waste water coming out of the rural households. 44.4% villages had no drainage arrangement.
• 56.4% wards reported to have sewer network for disposal of liquid waste.
This information was given by Minister For Statistics And Programme Implementation Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda in a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.